The flag flown by a civilian vessel from
its ensign mast - the mast at the stern of the vessel - or from its
This flag is also known as a merchant ensign as it is the flag used
by merchant vessels.
The flag flown by government-owned
vessels which are not part of the navy.
Most countries do not have separate government ensign and government
vessels use the civil ensign.
The flag flown at the bow (or front) of
The flag flown by citizens of the
country and is usually used to represent the country abroad. Some
countries use the state flag instead. Many countries only have
The flag flown by naval vessels and
often at naval bases. Naval ensigns often take the form of the
national flag in the canton of either a plain colored flag or a
simple cross flag.
The flag flown by government and on
diplomatic missions overseas. It often consists of the national flag
with the addition of the country's coat-of-arms or emblem. Most
countries do not have a separate state flag.
The study of flags and flag-related
matters. Vexillology is derived from the latin word vexilum, meaning